Education in Emergency

Conflicts, natural disasters and pandemics keep millions of children out of school and the numbers are rising. In crisis-affected countries, school-age children are more than twice as likely to be out of school as their peers in other countries. SHI international is playinf an active role in promoting lifelong quality education for all people – children, youth, and adults – as a part of emergency response and for long-term recovery. SHI international’s work in this field is anchored in an education agenda which aims to ‘develop education systems that are more resilient and responsive in the face of conflict, social unrest and natural hazards – and to ensure that education is maintained during emergency, conflict and post-conflict situations.

Even in critical emergency circumstances when communities have lost everything, education remains at the top of the priority list for families. SHI international helps strengthen education systems in times of crisis to ensure life-saving messages reach children and their families; protects children and youth from attack, abuse, and exploitation; supports peace-building; and provides physical and psychological safety to children. Investing in education in times of crisis builds resilience and social cohesion across communities, and is fundamental to sustained recovery


Livelihood is sustainable when it enables people to cope with and recover from shocks and stresses (such as natural disasters and economic or social upheavals) and enhance their well-being and that of future generations without undermining the natural environment or resource base. At SHI international we are trying our best to see that we better the livelihoods of people living in affected areas.


Smiling Hearts Initiative International is trying its best to see that people in affected areas, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. Over the coming decades, a changing climate, growing global population, rising food prices, and environmental stressors will have significant yet highly uncertain impacts on food security. Adaptation strategies and policy responses to global change, including options for handling water allocation, land use patterns, food trade, post-harvest food processing, and food prices and safety are urgently needed. These policy responses will be vital to improve the living conditions of farmers and rural populations across the globe. Economic growth is only sustainable if all countries have food security. Without country-owned and country-driven food security strategies, there will be obstacles and additional costs to global, regional, and country-level economic growth. Food security needs to encompass women and other vulnerable and disadvantages groups. SHI internationals work on food security includes topics such as cash transfers, agricultural technologies, and other such means of building resiliency to shocks.


Internally displaced persons (IDPs) are “persons or groups of persons who have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular as a result of or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalised violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognised State border.”. A refugee, on the other hand, is defined by Article 1 of the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees as someone who, “owing to wellfounded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it.”. Remaining within the borders of their country of origin, IDPs face many similar challenges as refugees yet the latter benefit from the full authority of refugee law whereas the former do not. The fundamental difference between protection of refugees and protection of IDPs is the responsibility of the government. Once refugees cross international borders, their country of origin is not obligated to protect them. IDPs, on the other hand, remain in their country of origin, the government of which holds the responsibility to protect them regardless of its ability to do so. Without the benefit of a specialized body of law, IDPs fall into a protection gap. While IDPs are not protected under refugee law, they are protected as civilians under Human Rights Law (HRL), Humanitarian Law (IHL), and domestic law. Although IDPs remain within one country, there are aspects of Public International Law that apply alongside domestic law to govern the treatment of civilian populations within their national borders. In all armed conflicts, both international and non-international, IHL applies. Similarly, HRL governs the relationship of a government and its citizens at all times. The Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement of 1998 pull together aspects of these legal regimes to address situations specific to displacement. Yet, the Guiding Principles are not legally binding in the way that the Refugee Convention is; there are no enforcement mechanisms to ensure compliance with them. Several countries have incorporated protective aspects into their national legislation and more continue to do so. Even with these trends, protection is not absolute and, given the vulnerability of IDPs, further attempts have been made by various organizations to legally guarantee certain rights specific to their situation.


WASH along with food and shelter, safe water and sanitation are the highest priority interventions in emergency situations. SHI international aims at providing adequate water and sanitation services to emergency-affected children and their families to avoid outbreak of disease and death. Unless good hygiene is consistently practiced by affected people, the danger of diarrhea, cholera and other disease outbreaks will persist. This is true in all types of emergencies, from rapid onset natural disasters to long-term crises caused by a range of complex factors.


Camps exist to ensure that the basic human right to life with dignity is upheld for displaced communities. Camp management best practice is based on an understanding that all activities in a camp should be undertaken with the core aims of ensuring the protection of the camp population from abusive or degrading treatment and upholding their rights, This include access to all humanitarian services. Smiling Hearts Initiatives International (SHI Int.) undertakes intervention in the daily life of a camp, or camp-like setting, this is done in such a way that camp residents’ vulnerability to violation, deprivation and dependency is reduced and opportunities to enjoy their rights and participate meaningfully and equitably are maximized. SHI Int. overall goal of CCCM is to improve living conditions during displacement while seeking and advocating for durable solutions to end camp-life and organize closure and phase-out of camps upon IDP return